HOW TO MANAGE FUTURE GRID DYNAMICS (CALIFORNIA, USA)


Quantifying-Smart-Power-Generation-Benefits

QUANTIFYING SMART POWER GENERATION BENEFITS

INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE

We define Smart Power Generation (SPG) as resource capacity having high operational flexibility, high energy efficiency, and diverse fuel capability. Operational flexibility requires generation to have multiple dynamic operation modes, from ultra-fast grid reserve to efficient base load generation. SPG has fast start-up, shut-down, and load ramps with agile dispatch and is able to supply MWs to the electricity grid within 1 minute and full power in 5-10 minutes. Ideally, SPG should be suitable for base load generation, peaking, and balancing requirements and have independent operation of multiple units with remote operation for off-site control. SPG should be capable of being situated within or near load pockets and have low maintenance costs regardless of operation method including some sort of grid black-start capability. SPG should be energy efficient with sustainable and affordable power systems requiring the highest level of simple-cycle energy efficiency available. Characteristics of SPG include high efficiency in a wide load range, from almost zero load to full load, low water consumption, and low CO2 emissions regardless of operation method, expandable plant size for future plant size optimization and high reliability and availability through multiple parallel units.



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  Mikael Backman


   Regional director, North America
   Wärtsilä Energy Solutions